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Thickets and grasslands


Low open thickets and/or dry rocky grasslands have developed in cut areas with degraded forests.

Thickets are primarily communities of Christ's thorn (Paliuretum spinae-christi) that are characterised by the spiny plant Christ's thorn (Paliurus spina-christi), red-berried juniper (Juniperus oxycedrus), terebinth pistache (Pistacia terebinthus) and osyris (Osyris alba). Two plant communities are commonly developed on the rocky grasslands that are used as pasturelands: pastures of koeleria and Illyrian fescue (Koelerio-Festucetum illyricae) in areas with more fine soil, and the rocky communities of feather grass and medicinal sage are common in limestone cracks and valleys with fine soil.

Along the banks of the Krka River, there are many small areas with humid and wetland grasslands (mowed meadows), exceptionally picturesque coastal meadows of the community clover and meadow barley (order Trifolio-Hordeetalia), which includes white clover (Trifolium repens), forest bluegrass (Poa sylvicola), buttercups (Ranunculus repens, R. acris, R. sardous, R. neapolitanus), summer snowflake (Leucojum aestivum), lax-flowered orchid (Orchis laxiflora),  distant sedge (Carex distans) and hairy sedge (Carex hirta), along with two Illyrian/Adriatic endemic plant species, the meadow squill (Scilla litardierei) and Peucedanum coriaceum subsp. pospichalii.